Rosacea is a common skin disease. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people.The redness can slowly spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Even the ears, chest, and back can be red all the time.
Rosacea can cause more than redness. There are so many signs and symptoms that rosacea has four subtypes.
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea
Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels
- Papulopustular rosacea
Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts
- Phymatous rosacea
Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture
- Ocular rosacea
Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and the person may have what looks like a sty.
With time, people who have rosacea often see permanent redness in the center of their face.
Early rosacea treatment is important to prevent rosacea symptoms from worsening. Options include topical medications (azelaic acid, metronidazole) and oral medications (low-dose doxycycline). Laser or light therapies may also be used to control the redness or skin thickening. Your dermatologist will recommend a treatment plan based on the subtype of rosacea present and its severity.